IUCN Red List Species
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Species of conservation importance as determined by the World Conservation Union.  Using criteria to determine a species’ risk of extinction, the IUCN Red List is the most thorough inventory of the global conservation status of plant and animal species (IUCN Red List of Threatened Species).  Data are provided by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species and the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF).  Ten African species were chosen and their distributions are presented below. 

 

  • Name: IUCN Red List status and distribution of selected species for coastal Africa.
  • Description: distribution data for 10 species as provided by the 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
  • Source: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species and GBIF
  • Original Publishers: World Conservation Union (IUCN) and GBIF
  • Citation: 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.  Individual citations for distribution data and images/illustrations are provided below.
  • Processing notes:

    Red List data: data for the 10 fish and bird species were extracted from the 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.  Widely distributed species were chosen.  Data were digitized to illustrate species' distributions for coastal African country(ies). 

    Illustrations/images: images/illustrations were obtained from various sources. Individual citations are provided below.

    Distribution data: species distributions were sourced from GBIF.  Point distribution data were downloaded from FishBase and GBIF and digitized. Individual citations are provided below.

  Species illustration

Species distribution

  • Species name: Callorhyncus capensis
  • Common name: St. Joseph shark
  • Red List status: Least concern (LC)
  • Image citation:
  • Distribution citation: Callorhynchus capensis. GBIF Data Portal, www.gbif.net. 2007-01-24. FishBase DiGIR Provider - Philippine Server, 76 records; GBIF-MNHN (Paris) (dsibib.mnhn.fr) Ichtyologie, 7 records; GBIF-Sweden Provider (www.gbif.se) Fishes (NRM), 1 record; South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity - Fish Collection, 12 records; iziko South African Museum - Fish Collection, 22 records; Marine and Coastal Management demersal Surveys, 1822 records.
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callorhinchus_capensis (IUCN).jpg (26003 bytes)

small_st_joseph_ray.jpg (8382 bytes)
  • Species name: Epinephelus itijara
  • Common name: giant grouper
  • Red List status: Critical (CR)
  • Image citation:
  • Distribution citation: Epinephelus itijara. GBIF Data Portal, www.gbif.net. 2007-01-24. FishBase DiGIR Provider - Philippine Server, 1521 records; GBIF-MNHN (Paris) (dsibib.mnhn.fr) Ichtyologie, 1 record; Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History (LACM) Vertebrate specimens, 1 record; MCZ-Harvard University Fish Collection, 4 records; OBIS/DIGIR Data Provider Server (www.iobis.org) Canadian Museum of Nature - Fish Collection, 1 record; Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico - IBiologia (unibio.ibiologia.unam.mx) CNPE/Coleccion Nacional de Peces, 2 records.
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epinephelus_itajara (IUCN).gif (28182 bytes)

small_giant_grouper.jpg (8398 bytes)
  • Species name: Epinephelus marginatus
  • Common name: dusky grouper
  • Red List status: Endangered (EN)
  • Image citation:
  • Distribution citation: Epinephelus marginatus. GBIF Data Portal, www.gbif.net. 2007-01-24. FishBase DiGIR Provider - Philippine Server, 1537 records; Ichtyologie, GBIF-MNHN (Paris) (dsibib.mnhn.fr), 7 records; MCZ-Harvard University Provider (digir.mcz.harvard.edu), 3 records; South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity - Fish Collection, OBIS/DIGIR Data Provider Server (www.iobis.org), 193 records; Online Zoological Collections of Australian Museums (OZCAM), 4 records; Royal Ontario Museum (digir.rom.on.ca) Fish specimens, 1 record.
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epinephelus_marginatus (IUCN).jpg (36130 bytes) small_dusky_grouper.jpg (9142 bytes)
  • Species name: Hydrolagus africanus
  • Common name: African chimaera
  • Red List status: Data deficient (DD)
  • Image citation:
  • Distribution citation: Hydrolagus africanus. GBIF Data Portal, www.gbif.net. 2007-01-24. FishBase DiGIR Provider - Philippine Server, 26 records; OBIS/DIGIR Data Provider Server (www.iobis.org) South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity - Fish Collection, 3 records; OBIS/DIGIR Data Provider Server (www.iobis.org) iziko South African Museum - Fish Collection, 28 records; OBIS/DIGIR Data Provider Server (www.iobis.org) Marine and Coastal Management - demersal Surveys, 38 records; Taiwan Biodiversity Data for GBIF, 2 records.
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hydrolagus_africanus (IUCN).gif (6736 bytes) small_african_chimaera.jpg (8548 bytes)
  • Species name: Myliobatis aquila
  • Common name: spotted eagle ray
  • Red List status: Near threatened (NT)
  • Image citation:
  • Distribution citation: Myliobatis aquila. GBIF Data Portal, www.gbif.net. 2007-01-24. FishBase DiGIR Provider - Philippine Server, 969 records; Ichtyologie, GBIF-MNHN (Paris) (dsibib.mnhn.fr), 17 records; Fishes (NRM), GBIF-Sweden Provider (www.gbif.se), 1 record; South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity - Fish Collection, OBIS/DIGIR Data Provider Server (www.iobis.org), 10 records; OBIS/DIGIR Data Provider Server (www.iobis.org) iziko South African Museum - Fish Collection, 9 records; OBIS/DIGIR Data Provider Server (www.iobis.org) Marine and Coastal Management - demersal Surveys , 345 records; Online Zoological Collections of Australian Museums (OZCAM), 2 records; Paleobiology Database, 1 record.
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myliobatis_aquila (IUCN).jpg (42049 bytes) small_spotted_eagle_ray.jpg (9210 bytes)
  • Species name: Prionace glauca
  • Common name: blue shark
  • Red List status: Low risk (LR)
  • Image citation:
  • Distribution citation: Prionace glauca. GBIF Data Portal, www.gbif.net. 2007-01-24. Canadian Museum of Nature Fish Collection, 8 records; Cornell University Museum of Vertebrates (CUMV) Fish Collection, 1 record; FishBase DiGIR Provider - Philippine Server, 733 records; GBIF-MNHN (Paris), 21 records; Fishes (NRM), 1 record; Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History Vertebrate Specimens, 13 records; MCZ Fish Collection, 8 records; Chavan, VIshwas and C. T. Achuthankutty (editors), IndOBIS Catalogue of Life, Available at http://www.indobis.org/, Retrived 23, 01, 2007, 1 record; SEAMAP - marine mammals, birds and turtles, OBIS/DIGIR Data Provider Server (www.iobis.org), 1 record; Atlantic Reference Centre, OBIS/DIGIR Data Provider Server (www.iobis.org), 2 records; South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity - Fish Collection, OBIS/DIGIR Data Provider Server (www.iobis.org), 2 records; iziko South African Museum - Fish Collection, OBIS/DIGIR Data Provider Server (www.iobis.org), 15 records; Marine and Coastal Management - demersal Surveys, OBIS/DIGIR Data Provider Server (www.iobis.org), 5 records.
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prionace_glauca (IUCN).gif (11740 bytes) small_blue_shark.jpg (9569 bytes)
  • Species name: Rhincodon typus
  • Common name: whale shark
  • Red List status: Vulnerable (VU)
  • Image citation:
  • Distribution citation: Rhincodon typus. GBIF Data Portal, www.gbif.net. 2007-01-24. FishBase DiGIR Provider - Philippine Server, 471 records; GBIF-MNHN (Paris) (dsibib.mnhn.fr), 4 records; Fishes (NRM), 1 record; Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History (LACM), 1 record; IndOBIS, Indian Ocean Node of OBIS, 2 records; iziko South African Museum - Fish Collection, 4 records; Online Zoological Collections of Australian Museums (OZCAM), 3 records; Royal Ontario Museum, 1 record; Taiwan Biodiversity Data for GBIF, 2 records.
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rhincodon_typus (IUCN).jpg (35935 bytes) small_whale_shark.jpg (8719 bytes)
  • Species name: Sterna hirundo
  • Common name: common tern
  • Red List status: Least concern (LC)
  • Image citation:
  • Distribution citation: Sterna hirundo. GBIF Data Portal, www.gbif.net. 2007-01-24. Avian Knowledge Network, Cornell Lab of Ornithology, 3239 records; Canadian Museum of Nature, Bird Collection, 227 records; Royal British Columbia Museum, 23 records; CUMV Bird Collection, 5 records; Read, A. J. and P. Halpin. Editors. 2003. OBIS-SEAMAP. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.obis.env.duke.edu, April 2003, 399 records; Pohle, G., L. Van Guelpen, A. Martin, D. Welshman, and A. McGuire. 2004. Bay of Fundy Species; www.taibif.org.tw, 8 records.
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sterna_hirundo (IUCN).jpg (5617 bytes) small_common_tern.jpg (11055 bytes)
  • Species name: Sphyrna lewini
  • Common name: scalloped hammerhead
  • Red List status: Low risk (LR)
  • Image citation:
  • Distribution citation: Sphyrna lewini. GBIF Data Portal, www.gbif.net. 2007-01-24. FishBase DiGIR Provider - Philippine Server, 560 records; GBIF-MNHN (Paris) (dsibib.mnhn.fr) Ichtyologie, 16 records; GBIF-Sweden Provider (www.gbif.se) Fishes (NRM), 2 records; Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History (LACM) Vertebrate specimens, 20 records; MCZ-Harvard University Provider Fish Collection, 20 records; National Chemical Laboratory (digir.indobis.org) IndOBIS, Indian Ocean Node of OBIS, 1 record; CSIRO Marine Data Warehouse (via OBIS Australia), 158 records; REVIZEE South Score / Pelagic and Demersal Fish Database, 2 records; Bureau of Rural Sciences National commercial fisheries half-degree data set 2000-2002, 553 records; South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity - Fish Collection, 1 record; iziko South African Museum - Fish Collection, 1 record; Online Zoological Collections of Australian Museums, 30 records; Paleobiology Database, 4 records; Royal Ontario Museum (digir.rom.on.ca) Fish specimens, 2 records; www.taibif.org.tw, 10 records; Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico - IBiologia (unibio.ibiologia.unam.mx) CNPE/Coleccion Nacional de Peces, 6 records.
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sphyrna_lewini (IUCN).jpg (37293 bytes) small_scalloped_hammerhead.jpg (8766 bytes)
  • Species name: Sterna sandvicensis
  • Common name: sandwich tern
  • Red List status: Least concern (LC)
  • Image citation:
  • Distribution citation: Sterna sandvicensis. GBIF Data Portal, www.gbif.net. 2007-01-24. Canadian Museum of Nature, Bird Collection, 2 records; Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (MNHN), 133 records; Museum of Vertebrate Zoology: Terrestrial vertebrate specimens (MVZ), 10 records; Read, A. J. and P. Halpin. Editors. 2003. OBIS-SEAMAP. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.obis.env.duke.edu, April 2003, 14 records; Joint Nature Conservation Committee, 34 records; Yale Peabody Museum. 2004-2006, 27 records.
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sterna_sandvicensis (IUCN).jpg (6285 bytes) small_sandwich_tern.jpg (9850 bytes)